These contract management objectives are specified in the 4ps Contract Management Guide for PFI and PPP contracts in the United Kingdom (4ps 2007, 5). The section of the PPP Manual in South Africa on the Management of PPP Agreements (ZA 2004a, Module 6, 11-12) describes what is needed and what is meant by successful management of a PPP contract and what can go wrong and why. The EPEC Guide to the Management of PPPs (EPEC 2014b) of the EPEC condenses European experiences on this subject. The Caribbean PPP Toolkit (Caribbean 2017, Module 6) presents examples from the Caribbean and discusses best practices in contract management. The reference tool also provides insight into the circumstances that may lead to disagreements between the procurement authority and the project company and provides leading practical advice on how to deal with these issues. It is important to note that the reference tool also addresses issues that are not normally covered by a PPP contract, but are important to the contracting authority in managing the implementation of a project, such as . B involving public stakeholders. A summary of the different types of agreements and model agreements can be found at: Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have various forms, which vary in terms of the extent of participation and the risk taken by the private party. The terms of a PPP are usually set out in a contract or agreement to describe the responsibilities of each party and clearly allocate the risk. The following graph shows the range of PPP agreements*. The main part of the contractual agreement is usually divided into several sections or chapters, each dealing with a specific topic. The main part of the agreement may be accompanied by one or more annexes or timetables. These annexes or timetables contain additional details on specific topics, e.B the technical and performance specifications of the project.

The commonly used key sections of an agreement and the nature of its content are briefly mentioned below: Some public-private partnerships when it comes to developing new technologies include profit-sharing agreements. This usually involves sharing revenue between the inventor and the public once a technology is commercialized. Profit-sharing agreements may exist for a certain period of time or permanently. [35] [7] World Bank, “Concessions, Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) and Design-Build-Operate (DBO) Projects,” Public-Private Partnership in the Infrastructure Resource Center, ppp.worldbank.org/public-private-partnership/agreements/concessions-bots-dbos. [4] PPP Knowledge Lab, “PPP Reference Guide, Version 3” available on pppknowledgelab.org/guide/sections/83-what-is-the-ppp-reference-guide. Contract management is a crucial factor in the delivery of shared services,[57] and services that are more difficult to monitor or that are fully captured in contract language often remain under municipal control. .