Critical analysis. The Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) for Space Cooperation is essentially a proposed communication agreement between the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency of the US Department of Defense and the Ministry of Defense of the Government of India. Under BECA, the United States exchanges technical and procedural information with India relating to the standardization of methods, specifications, and formats for the collection, processing, and production of GEOINT information. These include tools and models for processing GPS data and transforming latitude, longitude and altitude coordinates across different frame frames of reference. With GPS-derived altitudes, an accurate geoid model helps determine the direction of water rivers. GNSS antenna calibration for antenna reference point (ARP) and northern reference point (PNR) is part of GEOINT for better reference data. Topics covered: bilateral, regional and global groups and agreements that involve India and/or affect India`s interests. In early 2016, India signed three core agreements: the defence ministers of India and the United States signed a Basic Agreement (BECA) for space cooperation. .

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