On his way back from Munich, Chamberlain told an excited crowd at Heston airport: “It is peace for our time” and he praised the agreement he had signed with Hitler. This was the culmination of the policy of appeasement. Six months later, Hitler stopped his promises and ordered his armies to invade Prague. Within a year, Britain and France were at war with Germany. Hitler`s expansionist objectives became clear in 1936, when his troops invaded the Rhineland. Two years later, in March 1938, he annexed Austria. At the Munich conference last September, Neville Chamberlain seemed to have avoided war by agreeing that Germany could occupy the Sudetenland, the German-speaking part of Czechoslovakia – it became a Munich agreement. Founded in 1931 and led by Konrad Henlein (1898-1945), the SdP spiritually succeeded several parties that, in the 1920s and early 1930s, worked to undermine the legitimacy of the Czechoslovakian state. After its creation, the SdP pledged to place the region under The control of Germany and at one point became the country`s second-largest political party. This was achieved when the German votes of the Sudetenland were concentrated within the party, while the Czech and Slovak voices were distributed in a constellation of political parties. Six months later, in March 1939, German troops recaptured the rest of Czechoslovakia. Poland appeared to be the most likely victim of the Nazi aggression, and Chamberlain joined the Poles to defend them in Germany. Hitler did not believe that Britain would go to war with Poland after not doing so about Czechoslovakia.

In September 1939, he sent his soldiers to Poland. On the same day, Britain declared war on Germany. On 13 September, after the arrival of violence and internal unrest in Czechoslovakia, Chamberlain asked Hitler to meet face-to-face to find a solution to avoid war. [29] Chamberlain arrived in Germany on 15 September by plane, then came to Hitler`s residence in Berchtesgaden for a meeting. [30] Henlein flew to Germany on the same day. [29] On that day, Hitler and Chamberlain held talks in which Hitler insisted that the Sudeten Germans should be able to exercise the right to national self-determination and join the Sudetenland with Germany. Hitler also expressed his concern to Chamberlain about what he considered British “threats.” [30] Chamberlain replied that he had not made “threats” and asked Hitler, frustrated: “Why did I come here to waste my time?” [30] Hitler replied that if Chamberlain was willing to accept the self-determination of the Sudeten Germans, he would be willing to discuss it. [30] Chamberlain and Hitler had three hours of discussions, and the meeting was interrupted. Chamberlain returned to the UK and met with his firm to discuss the matter. [30] The New York Times headline on the Munich accord was: “Hitler receives less than his claims from the Sudetenland” and reports that a “joyful crowd” had applauded Daladier on his return to France and that Chamberlain had been “wildly applauded” upon his return to the United Kingdom.

[54] When Hitler continued to make incendiary speeches calling for the reunification of the Germans in Czechoslovakia with their homeland, war seemed imminent.